Selasa, 17 Juli 2012

Chess Highlights of the 20th Century – Graham Burgess


Symbols
Bibliography
Introduction


1900
Tournament victories for Pillsbury, Schlechter and Lasker
1901
Sensational results by Capablanca
1902
Good results for Schlechter and Janowski
1903
Victories for Tarrasch and Chigorin
1904
Marshall triumphs at Cambridge Springs
1905
Great results for Ta rrasch and Maroczy
1906
Pillsbury dies, leaving Marshall as the leading American player
1907
Lasker outclasses Marshall
1908
Lasker fends off Tarrasch's challenge
1909
Capablanca achieves an astonishing match victory over Marshall
1910
Lasker retains his world title through two (?) challenges
1911
Another sensational result for Capablanca
1912
A good year for Rubinstein
1913
A mixed year for Capablanca
1914
Lasker edges out Capablanca in the St Petersburg tournament
1915
No major tournaments due to the war
1916
The war rages on
1917
No major events
1918
International chess slowly resumes as the war ends
1919
Good results for Spielmann, Bogoljubow and Capablanca
1920
The hypermoderns make their mark
1921
Capablanca becomes World Champion
1922
Another good year for Alekhine
1923
Successes for Alekhine and Nimzowitsch
1924
Lasker triumphs at New York
1925
Efim Bogoljubow wins at Moscow
1926
A sensational result for Nimzowitsch
1927
Capablanca loses the World Championship to Alekhine
1928
An excellent year for Capablanca
1929
Alekhine retains the World Title
1930
Alekhine dominant at San Remo
1931
A great result for Alekhine
1932
A year of few major tournaments
1933
Botvinnik shows his class
1934
Alekhine remains Champion
1935
Alekhine loses the world title to Euwe
1936
Vintage performances by Capablanca
1937
Alekhine regains the world title
1938
The AVRO tournament – a triumph for Keres and Fine
1939
World War II throws international chess into chaos
1940
Chess continues in the USSR and Germany
1941
Botvinnik proves his ‘Absolute’ superiority
1942
Alekhine and Keres fight it out in Nazi tournaments
1943
Sverdlovsk becomes the centre of chess activity in the USSR
1944
Less chess as the war escalates
1945
The USSR dominates the first post-war chess matches
1946
Alekhine dies
1947
FIDE organizes new World Championship
1948
Botvinnik wins the World Championship
1949
David Bronstein emerges as a new star
1950
Chess and Politics mix
1951
A rusty Botvinnik survives Bronstein's challenge
1952
Excellent performances by Botvinnik, Keres and Kotov
1953
Smyslov triumphs at Zurich
1954
Botvinnik hangs on in another drawn World Championship match
1955
Bronstein's brilliant result
1956
Smyslov is the Challenger again
1957
Smyslov is the new World Champion
1958
Botvinnik regains the world title
1959
Tal is to challenge Botvinnik
1960
Tal becomes World Champion • Fischer has a mixed year
1961
Tal becomes the youngest Ex-World Champion
1962
Both glory and agony for Fischer
1963
Petrosian defeats Botvinnik • Fischer's 'exhibition'
1964
Spassky becomes a Candidate
1965
Spassky dominates the Candidates matches
1966
Petrosian shows his class by retaining his title
1967
Fischer quits the Interzonal while leading
1968
Spassky is to challenge again • Dismay at another Fischer withdrawal
1969
Spassky is World Champion • Karpov- a new Soviet star
1970
Fischer is back on track • USSR narrowly beats the Rest of the World
1971
Fischer ruthless: 6-0 twice!
1972
Fischer is World Champion • Chess is headline news around the world
1973
Karpov and Mecking become Candidates
1974
Karpov is Fischer's challenger
1975
Karpov becomes World Champion by default to the dismay of Fischer's fans
1976
Karpov proves he is a worthy Champion • Korchnoi defects
1977
Korchnoi wins through a tempestuous Candidates cycle
1978
Karpov remains Champion after a thrilling match
1979
Garry Kasparov achieves sensational results • Tal has a great year
1980
A mixed year for Karpov • England emerges as a chess power
1981
Karpov comfortably defends his title
1982
Kasparov gathers momentum, but political storms are brewing
1983
Candidates cycle in crisis • Kasparov faces a stern challenge from Korchnoi
1984
Kasparov fights desperately for survival in a marathon match
1985
Outrage as match is cancelled • Kasparov is the new Champion
1986
Kasparov defends his title • Startling successes by Andrei Sokolov
1987
Kasparov survives a scare in Seville
1988
The GMA makes chess more democratic and organizes the World Cup
1989
Kasparov wins the World Cup
1990
Kasparov wins an exciting match
1991
Anand enters the world elite • The World Cup collapses
1992
Fischer is back • Short beats Karpov
1993
Kasparov and Short split from FIDE
1994
The PCA organizes a series of high-profile events
1995
Kasparov retains the PCA title
1996
Kasparov beats Deep Blue, after losing the first game
1997
Kasparov loses a bizarre rematch against Deep Blue
1998
Anand dominates tournament chess
1999
Kasparov reconfirms his dominance


Conclusion
Index of Games

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